VINEYARD PRODUCTION ON LARGE SCALE ENTERPRISES IN YUGOSLAVIA
The social enterprises have become much more important producers of vine grapes and wine than the individual peasants smallholdings. Due to the improved techniques their yields are greater and a smaller degree of yield variability is evident.
There is little information concerning labour productivity in viticulture. Compared with agricultural crops grown on the social enterprises, labour requirements for vineyards are relatively high.
As in many other countries, in Yugoslavia there are development plans for an increase in the area under vines and for re-organisation of some vineyards and for changing techniques.
Even the best organized enterprises which are specialised in viticulture face many economic problems. Labour demand shows some "peaks" during the year especially while there is no mechanization of harvest work. Because of increasing competition on the world's wine market there are wide price fluctuations and as a result falling returns to wine growers in Yugoslavia. The regulations concerning the home wine market in Yugoslavia and the inspection of this market are not satisfactory.
Producers of table grapes are facing the same problems.