ECONOMICS AND CULTURE TECHNIQUES OF LILIUM PRODUCTION IN ITALY

A. Grassotti
The production area in Italy, a southern European Country, devoted to floriculture is more than 8,000 Has, with a cash receipt of over 1.1 billion dollars. Lilium, one of the most economically important cut flowers occupies about 280–300 Has, with a total production value of 71 million dollars. All the bulbs, estimated about 152 million, used for cut flower production are imported primarily from the Netherlands. About 70% of them are L. elegans, 20% Oriental hybrids, 10% L. longiflorum.

Cut flower production is year-round in various areas. Generally, during fall - spring, lilies are produced in greenhouses. During spring - summer, lilies are produced outdoors in the ground, boxes, or ground benches, using sprouted bulbs or stored bulbs at -2°C. The production area is largely located in southern Italy.

Due to an unfavourable economic situation, the cost of lily bulbs increased dramatically, thus reducing the profits. This encouraged an initiation of research projects to produce commercial size bulbs. The Istituto Sperimentale per la Floricoltura (ISFLOR) in Pescia conducted the research program and demonstrated that large bulbs for forcing could be produced on a large scale in certain parts of the Country. Several clones have been selected and tested, according to the Italian environmental conditions, by ISFLOR in Pescia.

Grassotti, A. (1996). ECONOMICS AND CULTURE TECHNIQUES OF LILIUM PRODUCTION IN ITALY. Acta Hortic. 414, 25-34
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1996.414.2
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1996.414.2

Acta Horticulturae