ECONOMICS AND CULTURE TECHNIQUES OF LILIUM PRODUCTION IN ITALY
Cut flower production is year-round in various areas. Generally, during fall - spring, lilies are produced in greenhouses. During spring - summer, lilies are produced outdoors in the ground, boxes, or ground benches, using sprouted bulbs or stored bulbs at -2°C. The production area is largely located in southern Italy.
Due to an unfavourable economic situation, the cost of lily bulbs increased dramatically, thus reducing the profits. This encouraged an initiation of research projects to produce commercial size bulbs. The Istituto Sperimentale per la Floricoltura (ISFLOR) in Pescia conducted the research program and demonstrated that large bulbs for forcing could be produced on a large scale in certain parts of the Country. Several clones have been selected and tested, according to the Italian environmental conditions, by ISFLOR in Pescia.