LILY INDUSTRY AND RESEARCH, AND NATIVE LILIUM SPECIES IN KOREA

Y. Kim
Total of 11 native Lilium species are distributed in Korea. Among them, 8 species, L. concolor var. pulchellum, L. callosum, L. amabile, L. cernuum, L. lancifolium (L. tigrinum), L. leichtlinii var. maximowiczii, L. pumilum, and L. dauricum belong to the Section Sinomartagon, and 3 species of L. hansonii, L. tsingtauense, and L. distichum belong to Section Martagon. Bulb production and cutflower production without lighting are feasible owing to sufficient sunshine during winter season in Korea. Lily is the 4th important cutflower crop in Korea. Production area increased to 223 ha in 1992 from 32 ha in 1985. Among them, 143 ha are used for cutflower production and L. longiflorum cultivars occupies 55% of the production while Asiatic hybrids and Oriental hybrids cover 37% and 8%, respectively. Native lilies are not grown for either commercial purpose or in the garden. About 15% of the bulbs used in cutflower production and new cultivars are imported from The Netherlands. In 1992, 8 million bulbs (1.6 million U.S.$) were imported for cutflower production while the first cutflower export of 580,000 flowers (1 million U.S.$) to Japan was done in 1993. Virus infection of bulbs is serious problem in the growers because the bulbs are reused 3 to 4 years due to high cost of imported bulbs. Cutflower quality is also low due to continuous cropping.

The future research should be directed to the breeding of good cultivars, mass production of disease-free bulbs, development of cropping systems for year-round cutflower production, improvement of production environments, and integrated management of insect pests, diseases and physiological disorders.

Kim, Y. (1996). LILY INDUSTRY AND RESEARCH, AND NATIVE LILIUM SPECIES IN KOREA. Acta Hortic. 414, 69-80
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1996.414.7
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1996.414.7

Acta Horticulturae