ETHNO-VETERINARY PRACTICES IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
More than 2000 plant species are known to be used directly or indirectly in traditional and modern health care system for human and animals around the world. In the former Soviet Union, about 300 plant species were known to be used in human health care system, while about 40 species that were frequently used in veterinary practices were known to have undergone scientific testings. About 80% of the plants were collected from the wild and processed, while 20% were cultivated in state farms and farmer cooperatives. About 60–70% of the pharmaceutical preparations were directly based upon herbal extracts. In many medical institutions, the course in Phytotherapy (herbal medicine) was an important part of the training program, not only for pharmacy students, but for almost all medical and veterinary students. Though most trained physicians were encouraged to know plants that are used in therapeutic practices, they were not required to learn about the traditional methods or rituals practiced in various communities. The names and use of the plants, content of the active substances and their actions in humans and animals were taught. Research programs were established in various research institutes to study clinical actions of the extracts, isolate and characterize the active principles. Many herbal products were available in hospitals and pharmacies with or without physicians prescriptions. In this paper a general view of the most frequently used (scientifically and traditionally) Russian medicinal and aromatic plants in veterinary practices is presented.
Bloshenko, E.K., Polydeonny, L.V., Juravliev, U.P. and Letchamo, W. (1996). ETHNO-VETERINARY PRACTICES IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION. Acta Hortic. 426, 83-90
Ethnoveterinary, Ethnobotany, Phytotherapy, Russia, USSR, Herbs