AERATION OF LOW PLASTIC TUNNELS. EFFECT OF THE POSITION OF THE PERFORATIONS

D. Frutos
This article describes an experiment on the aeration of low plastic tunnels, using an early tomato crop of specific habit. Very promising results were obtained relating to the use of perforations on the ridge of the tunnels in comparison to those on the sides.

At 30 cm from the ground the maximum air temperature in tunnels with ridge perforations were 2–4°C lower than in the tunnels with side perforations : the minimum temperatures were the same in both treatments.

The ground temperature, at 5 cm depth, was 2–3°C higher in the tunnel with the top perforations. The leaf surface temperatures, and the green and dry weight of the plants, was not affected by the position of the perforations.

The mean percentage of set flowers was 5% higher (three first trusses) and 15% higher (4th to 8th trusses) in the tunnels with the top perforations. The accumulated yield, up to 24 July 1972, was 5 kg/plant in the top-perforated tunnels compared with 3 kg/plant in the lateral-perforated tunnels.

The temperature modifications observed have been small but have been very beneficial to the plants in the top-perforated tunnels. These results must be determined by other modifications of climate affecting the surface and interior temperatures of leaves and stems, which are connected with the changes in air turbulence under the tunnels. Such modifications are more difficult to characterise than the air temperature.

Frutos, D. (1974). AERATION OF LOW PLASTIC TUNNELS. EFFECT OF THE POSITION OF THE PERFORATIONS. Acta Hortic. 42, 273-290
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1974.42.21
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1974.42.21
French

Acta Horticulturae