PISTILLATE FLOWER ABSCISSION ON FOUR WALNUT CULTIVARS

M. ROVIRA, N. ALETÀ
The effect of pollen on pistillate flower abscission (PFA) was studied in four cultivars of J. regia L.: two from California ('Serr' and 'Hartley'), one from Chile ('AS-1') and one Spanish selection ('MB-T-119'). Self-pollen and pollen of pollinators were applied to pistillate flowers. Natural pollinated flowers were used as reference. The experiment was carried out during Spring of 1994 in the germplasm collection of IRTA at Mas Bové.

Results showed that PFA in these four cultivars was significantly different. 'AS-1' was the least affected with a PFA ratio of 2% and 'MB-T-119' had the highest proportion of PFA near 80%. In 'Hartley' and 'Serr' PFA percentage was about 50%. This relation between PFA and cultivar was also detected under natural pollination conditions.

The artificial load of pollen applied to female flowers increased significantly the percentage of PFA comparing to reference flowers (from 25% for references to 55% for artificial pollinated on average). However, 'AS-1' had in both cases the same low level of PFA.

Fruit set was also affected by the amount of pollen. A high negative correlation (>0.9) between PFA and fruit set was found.

ROVIRA, M. and ALETÀ, N. (1997). PISTILLATE FLOWER ABSCISSION ON FOUR WALNUT CULTIVARS. Acta Hortic. 442, 231-234
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.442.34
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.442.34

Acta Horticulturae