ADVANCES IN BANANA PRODUCTION IN NORTHWEST ARGENTINA

N.B. Casalderrey, S. Bertuzzi, D. Montenegro, C. Gallardo
There are two areas in the north of Argentina where the banana is cultivated. Each of them has its own agro-ecological, socio-economic and varietal characteristics. In the East, Formosa with an isohigro regime and 3,300 hectares of small Nanica and Nanicon cv. plantations. In the West, Salta and Jujuy with a monsoon-type regime and 4,675 hectares with medium-sized (less than 100 hectares.) to large Cavendish Robusta cv. plantations.

In Salta and Jujuy, research and experimentation are oriented towards lowering the level of instability of production. Production is characterised by 40% or more annual losses caused by climatic factors, high production costs and fruit quality below international standard.

In order to achieve these objectives, an active germplasm bank was established at IBONE, to receive, aseptically multiply and maintain the clones sent by INIBAP and those of domestic origin. EECTY is responsible for rescuing local clones,, selecting ecotypes with the greatest adaptability to extreme climatic conditions and the preliminary characterisation and agronomic evaluation of local and introduced clones.

At present, genetic material is available, together with knowledge on pests and disease status, the Cavendish Robusta developmental cycle and the socio-economic situation of the crop. These may be useful as a basis for future adjustments.

Casalderrey, N.B., Bertuzzi, S., Montenegro, D. and Gallardo, C. (1998). ADVANCES IN BANANA PRODUCTION IN NORTHWEST ARGENTINA. Acta Hortic. 490, 585-590
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.490.63
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.490.63

Acta Horticulturae