DISTRIBUTION OF BANANA GERMPLASM IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Banana and Plantain are one of the primary source of food in West and Central Africa. Unfortunately, these crop suffer severe damage from pest (weevil borer, nematode,…) and disease (black and yellow sigatoka,…). The loss of yield can be considerable and the durability of plantation very short. Consequently, the smallholder, who cannot use chemical control, must replant new plot very oftenly. These new plot, even healthy at the beginning, are quickly contaminated by the suckers themselves, which come from the old plot. Therefore, one of the major part of the CRBP mandate is to develop an effective distribution scheme for planting material in West and Central Africa. The objectives are threefold: (1) to produce and distribute planting material, (2) to promote field sanitation by planting healthy plant on healthy or sanitized field in order to increase yield and durability, (3) to propose new performant (if possible resistant against pests and diseases) variety and hybrid. CRBP produces tissue culture plant and distributes them to different partners to establish multiplication and demonstration plot of healthy material in the production areas. The regional distribution is mandated by INIBAP which send in vitro multiple shoot cluster of virus indexed material to CRBP. Actually, CRBP is linked to 3 partners in Cameroon and 7 in Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad and Guinea. The established multiplication plot are potentially able to produce 50 000 to 90 000 healthy suckers during the first year. This scheme of germplasm distribution is getting now into its stride and is answering the first request of smallholders. Now, CRBP has to develop this scheme in collaboration with INIBAP to increase the number of partner and the amount of tissue cultured plant distributed to satisfy as best as possible the demand of West and Central Africa.
Auboiron, E. (1998). DISTRIBUTION OF BANANA GERMPLASM IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA. Acta Hortic. 490, 89-96
Musa spp, vitro-plantlet, safe movement of germplasm, sanitation of plantation, hybrid