COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHERIMOYA (ANNONA CHERIMOLA MILL.) IN LATIN AMERICA

P. Van Damme, X. Scheldeman
Starting with data from and observations in Ecuador, we are able to prove that cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.), one of the so-called Lost Crops of the Incas that has come to the world from the Andean heights, indeed has a future and enough potential to become a subtropical fruit crop for both resource-poor farmers and the commercial sector with international market outlets. Bottlenecks for its development as a commercial crop are presented and discussed.

Commercial development of cherimoya will be impeded by numerous factors which will all have to be addressed. These factors include: (1) unfamiliarity with the crop by the general public; (2) lack of private, government and/or donor funds for crop production development, and subsequent marketing and promotion by producers; (3) limited production volume and season of availability; (4) financial risk for the entrepreneur both at production and retail level; (5) a still limited number of acceptable and/or broadly accepted cultivars or selections from the producers' and consumers' standpoints, due to (6) a lack of research into rustic but good quality cultivars; (7) lack of an enabling institutional socio-economic environment; (8) lack of pesticides and the recalcitrance of government regulators to assist in registering pesticides for a so-called minor crop; (9) reluctance of national policy makers to grant tax exemptions for producers willing to engage in new crop development. It is, however, felt that if and when official, private and non-governmental organisations and institutions collaborate on the different levels of research and development, there will indeed be a commercial future for cherimoya in Ecuador, Latin America and the world at large.

Van Damme, P. and Scheldeman, X. (1999). COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHERIMOYA (ANNONA CHERIMOLA MILL.) IN LATIN AMERICA. Acta Hortic. 497, 17-42
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.497.1
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.497.1
non-wood forest resources, niche crop development, new crop development, fruit processing, commercial sector activities, outgrower schemes

Acta Horticulturae