ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES IN MEMBER COUNTRIES OF THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY

J. Mariaca
The adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 was a benchmark at world level with respect both to concepts relating to biological diversity and genetic resources, and to the legal frameworks in force until then. In order to effectively apply the Convention, governments of ratifying countries are reinforcing instruments to conserve biodiversity and developing legislation in tune with the new order. At a local level, the Andean Community of Nations reflects this in the approval of Decision 391, which establishes the legal framework for access to genetic resources in member countries and the procedure to obtain it. Its principal objective is to establish a mechanism for the fair and just distribution of the benefits resulting from the use of genetic resources and also to promote measures for the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources. It is worth emphasising the recognition the Decision gives to local holders of associated knowledge, and to their work in the conservation and maintenance of genetic resources, in the establishment of mechanisms for benefit sharing.

At a national level, Presidential Decree No 515 was approved in January 1999, thereby establishing the creation of the National Competent Authority in questions of access to genetic resources. It is headed by the Environment Ministry, with the Ministry of External Commerce, Industry and Fishing and the Ministry of Agriculture also participating, together with representatives of indigenous organisations, civilians and academics. The challenge now is the correct application of access to genetic resources, in a way that effectively values them and promotes their conservation and sustainable use.

Mariaca, J. (1999). ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES IN MEMBER COUNTRIES OF THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY. Acta Hortic. 497, 367-383
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.497.21
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.497.21
biodiversity, Andean Pact, Ecuador, legislation, Decision 391

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