A PERSPECTIVE ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN MANGO INDUSTRY (PAST & FUTURE)
The mango industry in South Africa is 28 years old and has grown significantly with the introduction of the Florida (USA) cultivars. A tree census conducted in 1995 by the author established that there were 8,000 hectares, with 3 million trees and an industry production of 40,000 tons. The legs of the industry rest heavily on processing and of the present production of 56,000 tons (1998), 50% is processed to achar, 15% is processed to juice, 15% is exported mainly to Europe, and 30% is sold to the local market. A small proportion of 3,000 tons fresh mangoes is dried annually. According to the tree census the industry production could double by the year 2000 to 90,000 tons. Climatological problems are mainly responsible for under achievement in relation to predicted growth. Disease and insect damage are serious threats to certain production areas and stringent market requirements by certain importing countries have made mangoes a difficult crop to produce and market. The South African mango industry has initiated a research program which is determined by the producer members and which is funded by levy contributions. This allows every individual to have a say in determining their requirements regarding research and promotion funding. In this review, problems facing the industry are highlighted and current and potential remedial measures are indicated.
Finnemore, H.J. (2000). A PERSPECTIVE ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN MANGO INDUSTRY (PAST & FUTURE). Acta Hortic. 509, 39-50
future prospect, mango industry, production problems, South Africa