VARIATION IN PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND MORPHOGENETIC CHARACTERS OF SOME MANGO VARIETIES OF GOA

A.R. Desai, D.G. Dhandar
As many as seventy seven mango varieties are reported to exist in Goa, some of which are very popular commercially (eg. Mankurad) mainly because of their preferred quality. There is a lot of variation in these varieties. Some varieties, which are important either from commercial or from breeding point of view, were studied for their physicochemical and morphogenetic variations. These varieties differed in respect to bearing habit, fruit size, fruit colour, flesh contents, pulp colour and quality. Pulp contents, depending on fruit size, varied from 67.56% (Bemcorado) to 83.21% in RC-MS-1 (Bemcorado selection). The highest total soluble solids (TSS) was observed in Mankurad (21.38° Brix & 0.20% acids). Fruit pulp was prominently orange in such early varieties as Mankurad & Furtado, and mid-late variety - RC-MS-1 (Bemcorado selection), and also in Bardez Mussarat, a late variety, which indicated the source for higher carotenoids contents. Fruit of Mussarat (Bardez and Salcette types), Fernandin and Bemcorado Selection had attractive skin colour of crimson to dark red, blushed on shoulders. These are vital sources for fruit colour-genes which can be utilized in classical breeding programmes. The details of physico-chemical and morphological characteristics of these varieties are described in this paper. In general, the varieties, namely Mankurad selection and Bemcorado selection, were observed to be the promising ones as these varieties possessed most of the desired commercial traits of international standard.
Desai, A.R. and Dhandar, D.G. (2000). VARIATION IN PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND MORPHOGENETIC CHARACTERS OF SOME MANGO VARIETIES OF GOA. Acta Hortic. 509, 243-252
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.509.25
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.509.25
Goan mango varieties, morphological characters, physico-chemical characters, variation

Acta Horticulturae