Pieter H. Joubert, Mieke S. Daneel, T. Grove
In South Africa, several insect pests are important in the production of mangoes. The mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis, mango seed weevil, Sternochetus mangiferae, and the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis rosa and Ceratitis cosyra are all key pests and have to be controlled regularly.

For the biocontrol of mango scale, an Aphytis sp. parasitoid and a predatory beetle, Cybocephalus binotatus, were imported from Thailand and established in several areas. Up to 46.3% parasitism of the mango scale occurred, while C. binotatus dispersed to several orchards surrounding the original release sites.

Fenthion, which is used to control mango seed weevil, is extremely toxic to beneficial insects and alternative control measures were evaluated. Several methods e.g. systemic insecticides and egg parasitoids proved to be non-viable and finally a softer insecticide viz. endosulfan 475 g/kg SC, was evaluated for registration.

For fruit fly control, most producers refrain from using full cover sprays and more IPM compatible bait sprays are applied. A monitoring system was developed for the important pests and the more judicious use of insecticides now facilitates IPM on mangoes in South Africa.

Joubert, Pieter H., Daneel, Mieke S. and Grove, T. (2000). PROGRESS TOWARDS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) ON MANGOES IN SOUTH AFRICA. Acta Hortic. 509, 811-818
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.509.96
Aulacaspis tubercularis, Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis cosyra, Ceratitis rosa, Sternochetus mangiferae, IPM, mango, minor pests

Acta Horticulturae