DEVELOPMENT OF MELLIFEROUS PLANT MIXTURES WITH LONG LASTING FLOWERING PERIOD

Z. Szalai
In this project we would like to develop mixtures of melliferous plant species with a long lasting flowering period to offer bee pasture for honeybees and wild bees and for the protection and reconstruction of the original association of the eroded, uncultivated lands.
The reasons for the research are the foreseeable increasing amount of fallow land, the presently decreasing natural bee forage lands, and the increasing territories of the eroded, uncultivated lands. The experiment was established in two places. Six melliferous plant mixtures were examined: 3 annual and 3 perennial, in four replications.
The purpose of the examinations was to detect the flowering stages and phenological aspects of the species in the mixture, the soil covering and weed suppression effect of the mixtures. We examined the appropriate time of sowing the mixtures and the optimal percent of components in the mixture.
Our examinations have resulted in our plant mixtures flowering continuously from the end of May ensuring good bee forage for the wild bees living on the territories and for visiting honeybees as well. From the annual mixtures, mustard and buckweat, and from the perennials, sainfoin, melilot and coronilla, proved a good weed suppressive effect and had a long flowering period.
Szalai, Z. (2001). DEVELOPMENT OF MELLIFEROUS PLANT MIXTURES WITH LONG LASTING FLOWERING PERIOD. Acta Hortic. 561, 185-190
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.561.27
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.561.27
melliferous flora, fallow, plant mixture, beepasture, honey bees, wild bees
English

Acta Horticulturae