USING THE GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN AND OTHER MARKERS TO DETERMINE VIRULENCE OF ERWINIA AMYLOVORA
Several markers were used to distinguish individual Erwinia amylovora strains during colonization of plants. E. amylovora strains were labelled with the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and visualized in plant tissue by fluorescence microscopy. Inoculation of the intercostal region of apple leaves caused movement of the bacteria in the apoplast followed by invasion into the vascular system. After inoculation at tips of apple leaves migration of the bacteria was observed through the xylem vessels and outbreaks into the adjacent intercellular space of the parenchyma. Non-pathogenic mutants did not move from the inoculation site. Plant resistance enhancers caused a decrease in the migration rate. The migration rate in the central vein of apple leaves corresponded to disease ratings from symptom formation on shoots of various apple cultivars. Other markers for strain differentiation were the size of short sequence DNA repeats and labelling for streptomycin-resistance. Also, these marked strains were compared in plant tissue colonization. Quantitative PCR was performed with a light cycler and a fluctuation was found for leaf colonization.
Bogs, J., Jock, S., Hildebrand, M., Kim, W.-S., Geider, K. and Richter, K. (2002). USING THE GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN AND OTHER MARKERS TO DETERMINE VIRULENCE OF ERWINIA AMYLOVORA. Acta Hortic. 590, 451-455
fluorescence, tissue colonization, PCR, virulence assays, streptomycin resistance, light cycler, SSR