INCIDENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHRACNOSE FRUIT ROT IN SEVEN STRAWBERRY GENOTYPES INOCULATED WITH FIVE CONCENTRATIONS OF COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM

J.L. Shuman, J.R. Ballington
Differences in the incidence and the amount of anthracnose fruit rot (AFR) among strawberry genotypes in the field indicate that there may be genetic differences in susceptibility to AFR. Fruit of seven strawberry genotypes (Gen) were inoculated with five concentrations of Colletotrichum acutatum conidia (Inoc). The experimental design was a split plot with Inoc (0, 1x103, 1x104, 1x105, and 1x106 conidia•ml-1) as the whole plot. The Gen were the subplot and were arranged in a RCBD with three replicates. The experiment was conducted three times within a growth chamber. Green to fully ripe fruit were inoculated. Data on lesion length and width, incubation period (IP), and fruit age were collected. For most genotypes, the biggest increase and largest range in percent lesions was observed at 1x105 conidia•ml-1. Fruit age at inoculation affected the probability of lesion formation among the seven Gen: probability of lesion formation generally is low at young fruit age, increases at median age, and then rapidly decreases at older ages. This response curve was different among Gen. IP was not different among Gen or the Gen x Inoc interaction. Rate of AFR lesion diameter increase was different among Inoc, Gen, and the Inoc x Gen interaction. The susceptible 'Camarosa' and 'Chandler' had the largest rates of lesion diameter increase, ‘Sweet Charlie’ and NCR 95-08 had much lower rates, and ‘Pelican’ had the lowest rate. These results indicate that strawberry fruit of some genotypes are resistant to AFR and that fruit age and rate-limiting resistance are two components of resistance.
Shuman, J.L. and Ballington, J.R. (2003). INCIDENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHRACNOSE FRUIT ROT IN SEVEN STRAWBERRY GENOTYPES INOCULATED WITH FIVE CONCENTRATIONS OF COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM. Acta Hortic. 626, 199-205
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.626.26
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.626.26
plant protection, disease, Fragaria
English

Acta Horticulturae