BREEDING AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW APPLE CULTIVAR 'JAZZ TM'
JazzTM is a new apple (Malus xdomestica) cultivar derived from crosses made in 1985 at HortResearch, Havelock North, between Braeburn as the seed parent and Royal Gala as the pollen parent. The fruit matures one-two weeks after Royal Gala. It is a bicolour, having 70% bright red blush with a defined fleck, on a green-yellow to lemon-yellow background. Size is medium, similar to Gala and productivity is moderate. The outstanding feature of JazzTM is its texture. Fruit are extremely firm at harvest. They soften slowly during long-term air storage and develop a very crisp, juicy texture. The flavour is rich with a moderate acid: sugar taste. Initial trials indicate that JazzTM shows good adaptation to a range of climates - throughout New Zealand, Washington (USA) and France. The creation, selection and development of JazzTM is an example of the multi-disciplinary approach to new cultivar development employed by HortResearch. For JazzTM, this included close collaboration with the commercial marketing agent, ENZAFRUIT, at an early stage of development.
Volz, R.K., White, A.G., Brookfield, P.L., Weskett, R., Legg, S., Koorey, R., Tustin, D.S., Hughes, J. and White, M. (2004). BREEDING AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW APPLE CULTIVAR 'JAZZ TM'. Acta Hortic. 663, 891-894
Malus xdomestica, apple breeding, selection, product development, fruit quality