ROLE OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM L.) AND ONIONS (ALLIUM CEPA L.) IN HEALTH MANAGEMENT
Recently the therapeautic effects of garlic (Allium sativum L.) and onions (Allium cepa L.) are acclaimed with a new dimension. Viz; they are newly attributed with antiatherogenic, antioxidant, fibrinolytic and anticarcinogenic effects. (Augusti et al., 1975, 1990; Kuttan et al., 1999). The author and his team have studied some of these effects using human and animal models and the results which are encouraging are briefly described. Brahmachari and Augusti (1961-63) and later Mathew and Augusti (1973-75) found that diethyl ether soluble fraction of these vegetables contains hypoglycemic principles. Juice expressed onion powder was found to be free of hyperglycemic factors and it improved the G.T.T. of diabetic patients. Augusti also demonstrated the hypolipidemic effects of these vegetables in rats and hypocholesterolemic effect in humans. Further Augusti and Benaim demonstrated that onion oil could stimulate serum insulin level in normal people with a concomitant decrease of blood sugar (1975-77). The author along with Dewar et al. observed that onion oil and cycloalliin isolated from onions enhance fibrinolysis to a significant extent in humans (1975). Later Augusti and Rasiah demonstrated that both garlic and onion oils could enhance the effects of small doses of insulin in diabetic rats (1984-85).
Augusti, K.T. (2005). ROLE OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM L.) AND ONIONS (ALLIUM CEPA L.) IN HEALTH MANAGEMENT. Acta Hortic. 688, 143-150