GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN TURKEY
As high quality and healthy food are becoming more important, consumers have concerns about the control of food production and demand more information along the food chain. Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) is based on the principals of risk prevention, risk analysis, sustainable agriculture (by means of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Integrated Crop Management (ICM) to continuously improve farming systems. GAP is of utmost importance in protecting consumer health. It requires ensuring safety throughout the food chain. It must be compulsory and transparent and operate not only from the table but also upstream to include suppliers (e.g. fertilizers, plant protection). Turkey has the capability to produce enough fresh fruits and vegetables not only for its own consumption, but also to export to the other countries. However, the export/production ratio is quite low in Turkish horticulture. Establishing a consumer demand system such as GAP will provide important advantages for developing countries like Turkey not only for the domestic market but also export markets. Therefore introducing and expanding GAP in Turkey will provide some advantages to those countries who trade food with Turkey. The main aims of this paper are to review existing knowledge regarding GAP at the national and international level, to discuss the implementation of GAP in Turkey and to determine the advantages for whole food chain participants.
Akkaya, F., Yalcin, R. and Ozkan, B. (2006). GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN TURKEY. Acta Hortic. 699, 47-52
food, safety, traceability, fresh fruit and vegetable