A TREND TOWARDS URBAN INTEGRATION AND ORGANIZATION OF THE TOMATO SUBSECTOR IN ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR
Tomato has become an economically viable diversification crop for the strongly rice-oriented farming system in Madagascar. As tomatoes have a relatively short shelf life, this crop is mainly grown within the vicinity of large towns such as the capital Antananarivo. It is still, however, a high risk product for different stakeholders in the food commodity subsector because of its perishability and year-to-year variability in market prices. The cost-effective but risky aspect of tomatoes has prompted farmers and sellers to adapt. Tomato cropping and marketing calendars have been adjusted to ensure that tomatoes are marketed throughout the year to stabilize prices and secure earnings. A study of the Ambohidrazana cropping area in the hilly region east of Antananarivo indicated that farmers are, to an increasing extent, taking market variables into account when making cropping decisions. It was also noted that this subsector has been able to adapt to its physical environment by striving to overcome constraints to intensification and expansion of tomato cropping on poor periurban soils. The fact that farmers, supported by research, have taken the initiative to use urban waste as humus to fertilize tomato plots indicates a promising future for this subsector. Vitality has also been boosted via challenges associated with product diversification and quality improvement to meet consumer demand. The tomato subsector in Madagascar is striving concomitantly to diversify the diet of Malagasy people and to enhance income security for stakeholders.
N´Dienor, M., Dabat, M.H., Ramananarivo, R., Randriamiharisoa, F., Rajoelison, J. and Aubry, C. (2006). A TREND TOWARDS URBAN INTEGRATION AND ORGANIZATION OF THE TOMATO SUBSECTOR IN ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR. Acta Hortic. 699, 317-326
production, marketing, strategies, periurban, quality, fertilization