TESTING OF THE CONTENTS OF FE, MN, ZN, CU, CO, PB, NI AND CD IN PEPPERS AND TOMATOES CULTIVATED IN THE AREA OF HERZEGOVINA

D. Bajramovic, N. Kosovic
The quality of food as well as the food needs cannot be assured by the successful agricultural production. Some 840 million people are hungry or underfed. At the same time, two billion people take less varied food containing poor amounts of micronutrients, vitamins and microelements. The area of Herzegovina is well-known for its intensive agricultural production. Therefore, it was rather interesting to study the contents of the trace elements present in the most used crops (pepper and tomato) in our area in order to give a comprehensive insight into the population’s habits with particular regard to its consumption of those crops during a period of one year, expressed by the quantitative indicators. Two different methods, commonly applied worldwide, were used to test the elements chosen: atomic absorption spectroscopy method (AAS) – flame technique and inductive plasma method (ICP-MS), respectively. The experimental work can be divided into two parts:
    Survey of the contents of the trace elements tested in the soil, mineral manures, protection means and edible parts of the plants, in the area of Herzegovina (in 1989, 1990, 1991).
    Survey of the trace elements in the plants produced within a larger area of Mostar in 1999.
    On the basis of the experiments carried out and the results obtained, the following points can be emphasized:
    The analysis of the metals in the soil shows that particular attention should be given to the available contents of Fe, Cu and Cd.
    The contents of Cd and Cu are lower in the soil.
    The contents of Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Pb and Co in the plant fruits produced by the farmers are similar to those mentioned in the references; the contents of Cu and Cd are higher which is reflected in the contents of those elements present in the soil.
    There is a significant interaction between the contents of the elements tested in the soil, the mineral manures and the plant fruits used and analyzed in our research.
Bajramovic, D. and Kosovic, N. (2007). TESTING OF THE CONTENTS OF FE, MN, ZN, CU, CO, PB, NI AND CD IN PEPPERS AND TOMATOES CULTIVATED IN THE AREA OF HERZEGOVINA. Acta Hortic. 729, 171-175
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.729.26
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.729.26
trace elements, pepper variety AL-12, tomato variety ML-10 F1, mineral manure, micronutrients, atomic absorption spectroscopy, inductive plasma
English

Acta Horticulturae