EFFECT OF NITROGEN FORM ON YIELD, FRUIT NUMBER AND LEAF NUTRIENT CONTENT OF TWO GREENHOUSE CUCUMBER CULTIVARS IN SOILLESS CULTURE
Two experiments in two different seasons were conducted to study the effect of nitrogen form in nutrient solution on two greenhouse cucumber cultivars. Five nutrient solutions with different ratios of NH4/NH4+NO3, two cucumber cultivars (Soltan, Pardis), three replications and three plants in each plot were used in a split plot design. At the end of each experiment the characteristics of fruit yield and number and amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium in leaves were measured. With compound analysis of two experiments the following results were obtained: Increasing NH4-N in nutrient solution caused reduction in fruit yield and number, decreased fruit dry matter and increased total nitrogen and amount of phosphorus, but decreased potassium and calcium. This showed antagonistic effect of elements. Yield of Pardis cultivar was more than Sultan and also other characteristics were different between cultivars. According to the results of this research, we concluded that cucumber cultivars prefer NO3-N to NH4-N.
Soltani, F., Kashi, A. and Babalar, M. (2007). EFFECT OF NITROGEN FORM ON YIELD, FRUIT NUMBER AND LEAF NUTRIENT CONTENT OF TWO GREENHOUSE CUCUMBER CULTIVARS IN SOILLESS CULTURE. Acta Hortic. 731, 273-276
greenhouse cucumber, nutrient solution, soilless culture, nitrogen form