POSTHARVEST HARPIN TREATMENT SUPPRESSES DECAY AND INDUCES THE ACCUMULATION OF DEFENSE-RELATED ENZYMES IN HAMI MELONS
Harpin is a bacterial hypersensitive response (HR) elicitor. The effect of postharvest dipping with different concentrations of Harpin was studied in two Hami melon cultivars (New Queen and 8601). A concentration at 90 mg L-1 was the most effective treatment for reducing decay severity caused by Alternaria alternata, Fusarium semitectum and Trichothecium roseum. Higher concentration (120 and 200 mg L-1) failed to promote better resistance against decay-causing agents and to cause phytotoxicity. Harpin did not demonstrate any fungicide effect in vitro but suppressed lesion diameter in treated melons, indicating that disease resistance was induced. Efficacy of suppression against T. roseum lasted 5 and 8 days for New Queen and 8601 cultivars in Harpin treated fruit. The protection of Harpin was associated with the activation of peroxidase (POD) and chitinase (CHT); however, no significant induction of β-1,3-glucanase (GLU) activity was observed. In New Queen, the activation lasted at least 6 days for POD and 5 days for CHT. In 8601, POD and CHT were induced for at least 10 and 8 days in Harpin treated melons.
Yang, B., Yonghong, G., Yurong, G. and Jie, Z. (2007). POSTHARVEST HARPIN TREATMENT SUPPRESSES DECAY AND INDUCES THE ACCUMULATION OF DEFENSE-RELATED ENZYMES IN HAMI MELONS. Acta Hortic. 731, 439-450
Harpin, Hami melons (Cucumis melo L. var. inodorus Jacq.), decay, induced resistance, pathogenesis-related proteins