PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS IN HUMANS OF EATING CHAMOMILE JELLY

H. Kakuta, E. Yano-Kakuta, K. Moriya
We studied the psychological and physiological effects in humans of eating chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and chamomile-free jellies. In 40 male and female examinees with an average age of 37.7±5.4 (mean±SD), we observed peripheral skin temperature and sleep consciousness upon ingestion of cold (10°C) and warm (60°C) jelly samples. Within 22 minutes of ingestion, the male and female groups that ate warm chamomile jelly showed a significant rise in skin temperature (p≤0.05) compared to the groups that ate the chamomile-free jelly. On the other hand, the male and female groups that ate the cold jelly did not exhibit a significant rise in temperature. The experimental result indicated that eating warm chamomile jelly enhanced blood current and contributed to the rise in the peripheral skin temperature. We also conducted a psychological test with Mood Check List - Short Form 1 (MCL-S.1) before and after the ingestion and found that the relaxed feeling score tended to increase with the ingestion of warm chamomile jelly. We then studied night sleep after the ingestion of warm chamomile jelly, and used OSA (Oguri-Shirakawa-Azumi) survey sheets to observe the change in sleep consciousness. In the survey we used five subordinate factors: Sleepiness in the morning, Staying asleep, Anxiety, Satisfaction of sleep, and Ease of getting to sleep. The study showed that the male group showed a significant rise (p≤0.05), when they woke up, in the score of the factors Sleepiness in the morning, Staying asleep, and Ease of getting to sleep, compared to the group that ate chamomile-free jelly. The results clarified that eating warm chamomile jelly had psychological and physiological effects in humans and improved sleep consciousness.
Kakuta, H., Yano-Kakuta, E. and Moriya, K. (2007). PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS IN HUMANS OF EATING CHAMOMILE JELLY. Acta Hortic. 749, 187-192
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.749.20
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.749.20
Matricaria chamomilla L., skin temperature, sleep consciousness
English

Acta Horticulturae