EXPLOITATION OF KAASARA KAYA (MOMORDICA TUBEROSE) FOR DIVERSIFICATION OF VEGETABLES
Kaasara Kaya or Adavi Kakara (Momordica tuberose) is a rare and high value hardy vegetable with medicinal and curative properties. It is naturally growing in rainfed black soils of Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh. The tubers of this wild and natural annual vegetable sprout after the onset of monsoon and undergo dormancy during dry summer periods. It survives well under natural fertility conditions of the arid and semi-arid black soils on farm bunds and as weed in the main crop. Local folk harvest the tender green fruits for their own use and also supply little amount in the near by markets and generally sell them at premium price during August to October. Rayalaseema recipes viz., Kaasara fry, Varugulu and pickles are prepared from tender green fruits. Fruits are rich source of minerals and contain high crude fiber (6.42 g/100g). Keeping in view the above facts this crop needs adequate attention for domestication and commercial cultivation. However, scientific information on propagation, vine growth, and yield attributing characters are meager. Hence preliminary studies were initiated during Kharif, 2006, to evaluate the effect of tuber size on vine growth and yield attributing characters. Average vine length, number of branches per plant, nodes per branch, number of fruits per plant and internodal length were influenced by size of the tuber. Tuber weight 60g and above recorded significantly higher fruit yield per plant (120 g) over rest of the tubers. Similar trend was observed with regard to number of branches, vine length, number of nodes per branch and number of fruits per plant.
Reddy, R.V.S.K., Subbaiah, Y.P.V. and Reddy, M.G.D.M. (2007). EXPLOITATION OF KAASARA KAYA (MOMORDICA TUBEROSE) FOR DIVERSIFICATION OF VEGETABLES. Acta Hortic. 752, 577-580
Momordica tuberose, Kaasara Kaya, tuber size, secondary vines, internodal length