IDENTIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, CONSERVATION AND UTILIZATION OF INDIGENOUS LEAFY VEGETABLES IN SRI LANKA

W.M.K.B. Wahundeniya
Consumption of wide range of indigenous leafy vegetables is getting prominent in Sri Lanka over the years. Different selections of these crops are being cultivated by farmers but very little information is available on specific crop growth, yield performance and quality characters of these selections, farmers have little knowledge on the selection of suitable crop varieties. This leads to cultivation of poor quality selections with low yields and low income. Attempts have been made to collect germplasm of gotukola and mukunuwenna from different locations and study their growth, yield and quality characters for the last eight years. Nineteen mukunuwenna selections and 16 gotukola selections were identified according to their morphological characters. Out of these, 2 mukunuwenna selections and 3 gotukola selections were found to be promising for their high yield potential or good quality characters. One gotukola variety ‘Meerigama” and a mukunuwenna variety ‘Piliyandala’ were recommended by Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka during 1999, and have become popular among farmers in Sri Lanka. During the study period an invasive weed that was identical to mukunuwenna plant namely “Alligator weed” (Alternanthera philoxeroides) was identified for the first time in Sri Lanka. Farmers misidentified this as a mukunuwenna selection. Eradication program of this plant was initiated during the year 2000 and eradication was successful.
Wahundeniya , W.M.K.B. (2007). IDENTIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, CONSERVATION AND UTILIZATION OF INDIGENOUS LEAFY VEGETABLES IN SRI LANKA. Acta Hortic. 752, 213-218
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.752.34
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.752.34
selections, germplasm, performance, crop growth, gotukola, mukunuwanna
English

Acta Horticulturae