CURRENT STATUS OF BRINJAL RESEARCH IN INDIA
Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is an important and indigenous vegetable crop of India. It contributes 9% of the total vegetable production of the country. It is due to improvement in production technology, protection measures and the genetic improvement which has shown significant advancement in yield, quality, diseases and insect-pest resistance. The yield of long, round, oblong and small round varieties have reached at 50, 65, 60 and 40 t/ha, respectively, whereas, F1 hybrids raised it to 62.5, 79, 75 and 50 t/ha in these respective groups. The cultivars of low glycoalkaloids content with different sizes, shapes and colour increased the market acceptability of the fruits. Resistance breeding for bacterial wilt sustained the cultivation of brinjal in sick soils. The development of Bt-transgenics will lower the shoot and fruit borer damage and ultimately the pesticide use in brinjal. The seed production practices enhanced the seed yield of varieties and hybrids. However, seedling health has been improved by precise nursery raising practices. Standardization of cultural practices, irrigation and nutritional requirements of different cultivars under different soils and climatic conditions helps in better crop stand. The use of herbicides and mulching practices suppressed the fast growth of weeds in brinjal. The water use efficiency has been increased by 66% using trickle irrigation. Protected cultivation makes the availability of brinjal during off-season and proved to be effective for borer free fruits. Use of growth hormones induced parthenocarpy, earliness and yield while different chemical formulations helped in checking of various insect-pest and diseases of brinjal. The grafting of brinjal cultivars on perennial and wild species increased the yield and availability period of the fruits.
Sidhu, A.S. and Dhatt, A.S. (2007). CURRENT STATUS OF BRINJAL RESEARCH IN INDIA. Acta Hortic. 752, 243-248
eggplant, Solanum melongena, India, status