THE IMPORTANCE AND USE OF BREADFRUIT CULTIVARS IN POHNPEI, FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
Recent studies and direct observation indicate the need for conserving traditional knowledge relating to the different breadfruit cultivars in Pohnpei. Breadfruit is a major staple food of Pohnpei and is particularly important in the subsistence economy, with even the names of the two seasons of the year reflecting breadfruit availability. Rahk meaning the season of plenty refers to the breadfruit season and isol, the season of scarcity refers to the scarcity of breadfruit and other foods during the yam season. The normal breadfruit season extends from April-September. Production can be year-round, depending on the management capacity of the farmers and the availability of early and late-maturing cultivars. The purpose of this study was to collect, characterize and document information, including indigenous knowledge, on these breadfruit cultivars. This study reinforced the notion that such efforts should continue to be taken for purposes of food security, health, culture and economic benefits.
Lorens, A.S. and Englberger, L. (2007). THE IMPORTANCE AND USE OF BREADFRUIT CULTIVARS IN POHNPEI, FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA. Acta Hortic. 757, 101-108
crop diversity, staple food, seasonal, subsistence crop, "isol," "rahk," culture