AN EVALUATION OF SURFACE PERFORMANCE FOR SECOND GENERATIONS SAND-FILLED SYNTHETIC HOCKEY PITCHES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
This paper details the results from an audit carried out on the surface performance characteristics of 18 'second generation' sand-filled field hockey pitches of different ages (0-6, 7-12 and 13-20 years) and locations (urban and rural). Measurements of ball roll, ball deceleration, ball rebound, rotational resistance and surface hardness were taken in three locations of different usage (goal area, centre and wing) on each pitch. Results showed that although the test pitches conform to Federation de Internationale Hockey (FIH) performance standards, there was significant spatial variation between the test pitches. Furthermore, the survey did not support the hypothesis that the level of performance of a pitch reduces with age or pitch location. It was noted that because the parameters of the FIH 'Basic' and 'Standard' standards are so wide, the performance characteristics of a pitch can change significantly and still conform to the appropriate standard. This study provides an essential reference for the state and wear of synthetic turf pitches of this type in the UK and is part of a wider programme of research developing recommendations for the maintenance of synthetic turf surfaces.
McLeod, A.J. and James, I.T. (2008). AN EVALUATION OF SURFACE PERFORMANCE FOR SECOND GENERATIONS SAND-FILLED SYNTHETIC HOCKEY PITCHES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM. Acta Hortic. 783, 559-566
synthetic turf, artificial, surface hardness, ball roll, ball bounce