PROMOTION OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE DIALOGUE TO MAINTAIN POOR-FRIENDLY FRUIT AND VEGETABLE STREET VENDING IN HANOI

P. Moustier, N.T.T. Loc, H.T. Son, H.B. An
In Vietnam, the marketing of fruits and vegetables is characterised by a diversity of distribution chains, including formal markets, street vendors, shops and supermarkets. The government is promoting the expansion of supermarkets and was planning to eliminate all informal trade at the time of research. Yet, experience from other countries shows the role of informal urban trade as a provider of employment for the poor. In many other countries street vending has been successfully integrated into urban planning thanks to the organisation of street vendors and dialogue with authorities. Research was carried out in Vietnam to test whether such integration is possible given the local economic, social and political context. The evaluation of the role of street vendors in employment and food distribution was based on a census of fruit and vegetable street vendors in selected Hanoi districts, in-depth interviews with a panel of street vendors and a review of experiences in other countries. This led to a discussion paper on the advantages and constraints of street vendors and recommendations to support this business. The discussion paper was the basis of dialogue between authorities in Hanoi, a panel of street vendors and researchers. Among the main results is a demonstration of the dominant role of street vending for fresh fruit and vegetable distribution and the limited alternative employment opportunities for peri-urban farmers involved in these activities. Street vending indeed poses some problems in terms of control of hygiene and traffic fluidity. The stakeholders’ workshops helped the Hanoi authorities agree to a restricted tolerance for street vendors in selected areas, with the setting of concerted rules on public-private rights and responsibilities.
Moustier, P., Loc, N.T.T., Son, H.T. and An, H.B. (2008). PROMOTION OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE DIALOGUE TO MAINTAIN POOR-FRIENDLY FRUIT AND VEGETABLE STREET VENDING IN HANOI. Acta Hortic. 794, 239-246
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.794.29
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.794.29
street vendors, poverty, Hanoi, vegetables, fruit
English

Acta Horticulturae