TIME-RESOLVED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY AS A TOOL FOR SELECTING AT-HARVEST 'AMBRA' NECTARINES FOR AROMA QUALITY
Ambra nectarines were measured at harvest by Time-resolved Reflectance Spectroscopy (TRS) and divided into three maturity classes (less, medium and more mature). In less and more mature fruit total aroma was extracted by solvent after 20, 26, 45, 69, 93 and 117 hours at 20°C. Fruit with high µa670 (less mature) showed higher concentrations of 3-methylbutanal, hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenol, benz¬aldehyde, limonene, γ-terpinene, linalool, terpinolene and α-terpineol and lower concentrations of γ-decalactone. The odour pattern changed with maturity class and with time at 20°C. The green note due to aldehydes was more present in less mature class, while the fruity, sweet, peach-like odour associated to lactones was pre-eminent in more mature class.
Vanoli, M., Jacob, S., Eccher Zerbini , P., Rizzolo, A., Spinelli, L. and Torricelli, A. (2008). TIME-RESOLVED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY AS A TOOL FOR SELECTING AT-HARVEST 'AMBRA' NECTARINES FOR AROMA QUALITY . Acta Hortic. 796, 231-235
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, fruit maturity, odour pattern, shelf-life