STEERING OF FOGGING: CONTROL OF HUMIDITY, TEMPERATURE OR TRANSPIRATION?
Fogging systems are increasingly used to cool greenhouses and prevent water stress. More recently, fogging systems are applied also in relatively low radiation environments (such as The Netherlands), for a better control of product quality than whitewashing and to reduce need for natural ventilation thus allowing for higher CO2 concentrations to be maintained in the greenhouse. Most commonly the steering of such systems is done by setting an upper limit to the deficit of specific humidity that, whenever exceeded, triggers the fogging system. In both cases, however, one may wonder whether static and pre-fixed set points are the most effective choice. In the experiment presented in this paper, fogging and venting were controlled with the purpose of steering crop transpiration. The desired transpiration rate was the input of an algorithm that calculated on-line the required humidity and air temperature set points in view of the current weather factors. The set points were then the input of a standard P-controller that calculated vent opening and time of operation of the fogging system. In this paper, the resulting climate and actuator control operations are discussed and compared with a similar greenhouse controlled in a traditional fashion. The study concluded that a desired crop transpiration rate (an all-round indicator of crop well-being) could be used to select dynamic set points for the climate control in a greenhouse equipped with a fogging system.
Stanghellini, C. and Kempkes, F. (2008). STEERING OF FOGGING: CONTROL OF HUMIDITY, TEMPERATURE OR TRANSPIRATION?. Acta Hortic. 797, 61-67
semi-closed greenhouse, ventilation, water use, plant water relations