IN VITRO PROPAGATION OF FICUS CARICA CV. SARILOP CLONE SELECTED FOR ITS HIGH PERFORMANCE

S. Hepaksoy, U. Aksoy
‘Sarilop’ (= Calimyrna) is accepted as a standard fig cultivar for drying due to its high fruit quality all over the world. In Turkish dried fig production that depends fully on cv. Sarilop, the policy is to reduce the percentage of defected fruits rather than extending the acreage. To fulfill this aim, a clonal selection was carried out, and some promising clones were selected in terms of fruit yield and quality. Thereafter, Clone 37 was selected to be the best among the promising clones. On the other hand, all of the cv. Sarilop trees were found to be infected with fig mosaic virus. Thus, propagation of selected clones by apical meristem or shoot tip culture for virus-free and/or mass propagation purposes became a must. This experiment is designed to determine the most suitable conditions and media for propagating cv. Sarılop Clone 37 through tissue culture. Clone 37 displayed a high performance. As the multiplication medium, the Murashige Skoog (MS) medium containing 1 mg/L IBA, 5 mg/L BA, 1 mg/L GA3 and 89 ml/L PG were the best, whereas, MS medium complemented with 1.2 and 2.5 µM IBA or NAA were better in respect to rooting. Peat followed by volcanic tuff gave the best performance for acclimatization to outdoor conditions. The survival rates were lower in Perlite and in sand, soil and cow manure mixture (1:1:1).
Hepaksoy, S. and Aksoy, U. (2008). IN VITRO PROPAGATION OF FICUS CARICA CV. SARILOP CLONE SELECTED FOR ITS HIGH PERFORMANCE. Acta Hortic. 798, 199-204
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.27
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.27
fig, Ficus carica L., Sarilop clone, in vitro propagation
English

Acta Horticulturae