COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT OF PROPAGATION METHODS OF RAIN-FED FIG (FICUS CARICA L. CV. SABZ) ON THE ESTABLISHMENT, GROWTH, AND DEVELOPMENT OF TREES

H. Zare, A. Hassan-pour
Resistance of fig trees to rain-fed conditions has led to their development in the appropriate areas in the country. The typical method for propagating rain-fed figs is to use hardwood cutting with diameters of over 2 cm and lengths of about 80 cm. This type of cuttings is expensive, rare, and is associated with long post-plantation unfruitful period; therefore, different propagation methods of the Sabz cultivar fig were compared in this experiment. Split plot design with two factors and three replications was used. Main factor consisted of two levels including: a) rain-fed conditions, and b) rain-fed conditions with complementary irrigation. For the sub factor, the following levels were considered: 1) perennial hardwood cutting with a length of 80 cm and a diameter of over 2 cm as a control at Estahban fig planting area; 2) annual semi-hardwood cutting from the apical of stem, with a length of 80 cm and a diameter less than 1.5 cm; 3) perennial hardwood cutting with a length of 40 cm and a diameter of over 2 cm; 4) annual semi-hardwood cutting from the apical of stem with a length of 40 cm and a diameter of less than 1.5 cm; 5) perennial hardwood cutting with a diameter of over 3-cm, being rooted in the outdoor bed (nursery); 6) perennial hardwood cutting with a diameter of 1.5-3 cm, being rooted in the outdoor bed; 7) annual semi-hardwood cutting from the apical of stem with a diameter less than 1.5 cm being rooted in the outdoor bed; and 8) perennial rooty sucker. Percent of establishment, shoots number, shoots length, and leaves number were determined each year at early fall season. Results showed that complementary irrigation had significant effect on the percent of establishment and the growth rate. Propagation of the Sabz cultivar with perennial rooty sucker had the highest percent of establishment and other traits. Because of difficulties associated with sucker preparation in large number, strong rooted cuttings are recommended for propagation of Sabz cultivar fig.
Zare, H. and Hassan-pour, A. (2008). COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT OF PROPAGATION METHODS OF RAIN-FED FIG (FICUS CARICA L. CV. SABZ) ON THE ESTABLISHMENT, GROWTH, AND DEVELOPMENT OF TREES. Acta Hortic. 798, 253-258
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.36
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.36
hardwood cuttings, complementary irrigation, outdoor bed, shoot, sucker
English

Acta Horticulturae