EARLY RECORDS OF FICUS CARICA DIVERSITY IN CANARY ISLANDS AND ITS PERMANENCE AS LOCAL NAMES UNTIL RECENT TIMES
It is well known that the ancient settlers of the Canary Islands archipelago grew fig trees. Two lines of evidence, archeological and historical, indicate that figs were a staple food in prehispanic times. After the Spanish conquest, figs also played an essential role in the subsistence of newly-arrived peasant communities. Such relevance, both cultural and agricultural, was clearly recorded in account books of landowners, testaments, correspondence of tenant farmers and property descriptions. These archival records, mainly those dated between the 18th century and the late 19th, have been checked and much information concerning fig diversity extracted by the authors. We reported in this paper early records of 15 fig landraces names, most of them still in use today to identify distinct fig varieties throughout the 7 islands of the Canaries as we have noted in our explorations. This evidence seems to show the importance of archival records as a tool to study fig diversity in the Canary Islands.
J. Gil, , González, A.J., Morales, J. and Perera, J. (2008). EARLY RECORDS OF FICUS CARICA DIVERSITY IN CANARY ISLANDS AND ITS PERMANENCE AS LOCAL NAMES UNTIL RECENT TIMES. Acta Hortic. 798, 39-47
named varieties, archival records, ethnobotany, folk knowledge, crop history