DIVERSITY OF THE LOCAL VARIETIES OF THE FIG TREE IN THE NORTH-WESTERN MOROCCO

M. Ater, A. El Oualkadi, H. Achtak, A. Oukabli, B. Khadari
In Morocco, the culture of the fig tree is ancestral and preserves a particular importance in the traditional agroecosystems of the Riffian mountains. However, the importance of varietal diversity remains ignored. To evaluate it, prospections and investigations were carried out in north-west of the country. The stations were selected according to the importance of the orchards of fig tree in the agroecosystem. A complete description of the prospected collection, relating the tree and the fruit was carried out by a morphological, physiological and pomological characters. The varieties of fig trees in the area of study show a great diversity with 49 listed varieties or landraces. One notes a great confusion of denomination on the level of the prospected varieties. This problem can be with several causes and mainly with the errors of appreciation of the characters or the differences of local names which vary from one locality to another. The comparison of the prospected collection and the national collection of Ain Taoujdate, enabled us to highlight the characters which can be prone to confusion among the descriptors used. In addition, the description of a great germplasm diversity in the north of Morocco shows that the national collection is partially representative of the great existing diversity in Morocco and indicates the great potentiality of fig genetic resources in the northern area of Morocco.
Ater, M., El Oualkadi, A., Achtak, H., Oukabli, A. and Khadari, B. (2008). DIVERSITY OF THE LOCAL VARIETIES OF THE FIG TREE IN THE NORTH-WESTERN MOROCCO. Acta Hortic. 798, 69-76
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.7
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.7
figs, varietal diversity, landraces, traditional agroecosystem
English

Acta Horticulturae