EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NITROGEN AND CROP GEOMETRY ON THE GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF BABY CORN (ZEA MAYS L.) CV. 'GOLDEN BABY'

S. Das, G. Ghosh, MD. Kaleem, V. Bahadur
Baby corn is a potential crop which can improve the economic status of poor farmers and help boost agriculture in India. Its cultivation has yet to be popularized in India and research work is in its infancy. Initial efforts to study the effect of different nitrogen levels and crop geometry on growth, yield and quality of baby corn have been undertaken at Deemed University, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Plant spacings of 50×15 cm and 120 kg N/ha were found to give the highest yield (51.48 q/ha). The maximum net profit of Rs 144,900 with a B:C ratio of 11.32 was also obtained from this treatment. As much of the Indian population are vegetarian, baby corn provides more nutrition per 100 g compared to other vegetable crops such as cauliflower, cabbage and tomato. It was found to contain 89.1% moisture, 0.20 g fat, 1.9 g protein, 8.2 mg carbohydrate, 0.06 g ash, 28.0 mg calcium, 86.0 mg phosphorus and 11.0 mg of ascorbic acid. It is concluded that this crop can provide more nutrition per unit area for marginal and small farmers at a more affordable cost compared to other conventional long duration crops. It also provides green fodder for animals and can be used as a cash crop.
Das, S., Ghosh, G., Kaleem, MD. and Bahadur, V. (2009). EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NITROGEN AND CROP GEOMETRY ON THE GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF BABY CORN (ZEA MAYS L.) CV. 'GOLDEN BABY'. Acta Hortic. 809, 161-166
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.809.14
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.809.14
Zea mays, nitrogen, plant spacing, nutritional value
English

Acta Horticulturae