IMPACT OF IMPROVED VEGETABLE FARMING TECHNOLOGY ON FARMERS' LIVELIHOODS IN INDONESIA
Improved vegetable varieties and new technology packages appear to have made a significant contribution towards increasing production and the income of smallholder farmers in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to understand the farmers decision to adopt hybrid tomato variety (Permata) and chilli (TM-999) and the impact of that decision on the farmers income and livelihood. Data was collected from extensive focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews conducted in five selected locations, for each hybrid variety, in the main production centres of West Java. The results showed that the main factors which influenced the farmers decision to adopt hybrid seed of both Permata and TM-999 were the high yield, tolerance to wilt diseases, high quality of the fruit, the ability of the fruit to meet the market demand and good storability. Despite a higher production cost, the income for those farmers who chose to adopt Permata and TM-999 were higher than the income of non adopters who chose to grow the local variety. The adopters of both Permata and TM-999 claimed that their profit before and after adoption increased more than 2 times. About 30% of adopters reported that they had significantly improved their livelihood in terms of increasing their farm capital, the size and comfort of their houses, vehicles and social status. Nonetheless, adopters of Permata and TM-999 did not always make a profit from growing the hybrids. Due to the low selling price as a result of an over supply at harvest or to a low yield related to severe pest infestation during the growing season, about 27% of the farmers who adopted Permata and 30% of the farmers who adopted TM-999 made a loss.
Basuki, R.S., Adiyoga, W. and Gunadi, N. (2009). IMPACT OF IMPROVED VEGETABLE FARMING TECHNOLOGY ON FARMERS' LIVELIHOODS IN INDONESIA . Acta Hortic. 809, 101-112