STRAWBERRY QUALITY: EFFECT OF CULTIVARS, HARVEST DATE AND STORAGE
The aim of this research was to determine the differences in fruit quality of strawberry cultivars in Portugal and to determine their shelf-life during cold storage, regarding consumption in the fresh, out of season market. Cultivars (Álbion, Candonga, Gariguette and Galéxia) grown in two different cultivation systems (soil and substrate) were used, samples were harvested weekly during five weeks. For cold storage trials were used Álbion, Candonga and Galéxia, collected on the fifth harvest. The materials were analysed for the following quality parameters: biometrical measures; physical and chemical; colour (L*a*b*); rheologhical parameters; sensorial tests; microbiological - mesophiles, yeasts, moulds, coliforms and Enterobacteriaceae. Data were submitted to Principal Component Analysis using the Statistical v.6.0 program. Clear differences were detected between cultivars. Gariguette presented the smallest, less firm and intense coloured fruits. Albión, Candonga and Galéxia presented a commercial fruit quality that ranged from good to very good. On the 16th day of cool-storage, weight loss varied from 2.5 to 3.0% respectively for Albión in substrate and Candonga in soil. The Candonga and Albión kept a good (4) commercial quality until the 14th day of storage and Galéxia in substrate until the 10th day. For all cultivars a low microbiologic contamination (low initial counts) were found and the numbers remained low throughout the cold storage period.
Sousa, M.B., Curado, T., Trigo, M.J., Vasconcelos, F.N. and Nunes, T. (2009). STRAWBERRY QUALITY: EFFECT OF CULTIVARS, HARVEST DATE AND STORAGE. Acta Hortic. 842, 877-880
cultivation systems, quality, microbiology, refrigeration, shelf life