EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND POTASSIUM CHLORATE ON LEAF GAS EXCHANGE AND FLOWERING IN LONGAN

C. Sritontip, P. Tiyayon, M. Hegele, P. Sruamsiri, D. Naphrom, P. Manochai, J.N. Wünsche
The effects of low temperature and potassium chlorate (KClO3) on leaf gas exchange and flowering of sixty four grafted longan trees cv. ‘Daw’ (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) were investigated. The longan trees were kept in two growth chambers under low temperature (17/12°C day/night), high temperature (30/25°C day/night) half of the trees in each room were treated with KClO3, respectively. The results showed that flower emergence in longan occurred 37 days following low temperature and high temperature exposure with KClO3 treatment, while low temperature with KClO3 delayed flowering and high temperature exposure completely inhibited flowering. Efficiency of photosystem  (Fv/Fm) as well as leaf net CO2 assimilation rate decreased under low temperature and KClO3 treatments, when compared to the high temperature treatments. Transpiration rate and stomatal conductance were both reduced in low temperature no matter whether KClO3 was applied. After 28 days, when temperature in low temperature treatments were increased, net CO2 assimilation rate, transpiration rate and stomatal conductance also increased to similar values found in high temperature treatments. Both temperature and KClO3 treatments did not affect the chlorophyll content of longan leaves.
Sritontip, C., Tiyayon, P., Hegele, M., Sruamsiri, P., Naphrom, D., Manochai, P. and Wünsche, J.N. (2010). EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND POTASSIUM CHLORATE ON LEAF GAS EXCHANGE AND FLOWERING IN LONGAN. Acta Hortic. 863, 323-328
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.863.42
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.863.42
Dimocarpus longan, KClO3, chlorophyll fluorescence, net CO2 assimilation, stomata conductance
English

Acta Horticulturae