VEGETATION ELEMENTS IN BAROQUE GARDENS (THE INFLUENCE OF FOREIGN PLANTS ON THE BAROQUE PROGRAMME)
The main goal of this paper is to determine which plant species most represent the Baroque style and in which way they were used. The first part of the paper includes a discussion on the appearance of vegetation elements in Baroque gardens, and particular attention has been paid to the manner in which non-native species, exotic plants, cut flowers, ornamental bulbs, as well as vegetable and fruit trees were used in the planting design. The paper defines plant types, gives reasons for their introduction and elaborates on their influence on garden design within individual stylistic periods. The results of this portion of research could represent a useful resource for the renovation of parks. The second part of the paper investigates the influence of exotic species on the Baroque programme. The case study of the Baroque park at Brdo near Kranj (Slovenia), established in approximately 1770, demonstrates not only the manner in which non-indigenous plants were used, but also the spatial changes that came about as a result. Here, Karel Zois grew not only indigenous plants, which he had gathered on his botanical walks, but also trees of foreign origin. He imported plants from England, Italy, Austria and the Netherlands, arranging them in sustainable orchards with no particular design in mind, as it was the fertility of the land which dictated garden design in this garden, foreign plants played a strictly scientific role. It was then discovered that certain types of plants enabled the creation of more complex geometric forms, though in this respect foreign varieties did not hold any particular advantage over indigenous species. However, the introduction of new trees did serve to change the relationship between spatial and surface elements, creating new accents and broadening the spatial rhythm. Ultimately, the Baroque element of parks declined with the introduction of new plants.
Dobrilovič, M. (2010). VEGETATION ELEMENTS IN BAROQUE GARDENS (THE INFLUENCE OF FOREIGN PLANTS ON THE BAROQUE PROGRAMME). Acta Hortic. 881, 899-904
garden history, ornamental, garden design, Europe, exotic species