COMBINED FERTILIZATION AND IRRIGATION OF VEGETABLE CROPS IN SANDY SOILS

U. Kafkafi
Trickle irrigation offers the possibility to deliver to a single plant accurate quantities of water and nutrients. The essence of the combined irrigation and fertilization is to create "nutrient solution" conditions in the soil solution in field practice.

The main consideration is given to the NO3 - N concentration in the soil volume occupied by the active root system. The optimum NO3 - N concentration for tomatoes and sand dunes was found to by 10± 3 meq/1. This is the same concentration of Hoegland's nutrient solution. The same concentration was also found best on highly calcareous soil.

Phosphate and potassium are being adsorbed to the soil and the adsorption curve can serve as a tool to plan the needed supply. The demand for high phosphate concentration for younger seedlings and the limitation of phosphate amounts in the irrigation system leads to preseeding incorporation of superphosphate and later supply of phosphate through the irrigation system.

The supply of nutrients should be planned according to the pattern of uptake by the irrigated plant. This practice prevents excess concentration in early growth and assures the daily demand for the macronutrients in later growing stages.

Kafkafi, U. (1979). COMBINED FERTILIZATION AND IRRIGATION OF VEGETABLE CROPS IN SANDY SOILS. Acta Hortic. 89, 105-106
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1979.89.16
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1979.89.16

Acta Horticulturae