PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION IN MEGHALAYA (INDIA) - INDIGENOUS CULTURAL PRACTICES AND STATUS
Meghalaya is one of the major pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) producing states of India. It contributes 8% of the total pineapple produced in India. Meghalaya is situated in the northeastern region of India with a geographical area of 22,429 km2. Pineapple is the most important fruit crop of the state occupying an area of 10,523 ha with an annual production of 102,506 t (2008-2009) which accounts to 32.8% of the total area and 36.2% of the total production under fruit crops in the state. During the last decade, the area under pineapple cultivation has increased by 11.7% and the total production increased by 21.8%. Kew and Queen are predominantly cultivated traditionally along the hilly slopes under rainfed conditions. In most of the pineapple growing areas of the state, the age-old indigenous cultural practices are still in use. Although the yield is less these fruits are free from chemical residues. Traditional pineapple growing areas of Meghalaya have immense potential to be developed into certified organic pineapple producing hubs. The paper presents the development of pineapple in the state during the last decade and highlights the indigenous cultural practices being followed by the traditional pineapple growers.
Mathew, B., Pereira, L.S. and Suresh, C.P. (2011). PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION IN MEGHALAYA (INDIA) - INDIGENOUS CULTURAL PRACTICES AND STATUS. Acta Hortic. 902, 275-280
Ananas comosus, traditional pineapple, Garo Hills, North East India