EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CA STORAGE CONDITIONS ON STORABILITY AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ORGANICALLY GROWN 'UTA' PEARS
Fruit from 5-year-old Pyrus communis L. Uta trees on rootstock Kirchensaller were harvested in 2007 at two different stages of maturity from the same transitional organic orchard. After harvest, fruit of each stage of maturity (ca. 80 kg) were stored for approximately 6 months under different storage conditions: standard controlled atmosphere (SCA) and dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA). Recommended SCA conditions were used as a reference (1.0°C, O2 2.5%, CO2 1.0%) and DCA was based on the fruit fluorescence response to low oxygen stress, with O2 set at 0.4 to 0.6% plus 1.0% CO2. After storage and a 7-day shelf-life period at 20°C fruit quality was assessed automatically with the Pimprenelle laboratory device. Browning disorders (cavities, flesh and brown core) and storage diseases were evaluated visually. DCA storage maintained firmness and total soluble solids at higher levels than SCA. DCA storage technology reduced browning disorders by more than 44% and fungal decay by 41% compared to fruits stored only in normal CA. Neither low O2 nor external CO2 injury was observed in DCA. All results taken into account, the percentage of marketable fruits was highest after nearly 6 months storage when fruit were picked at their optimal stage of maturity and stored in DCA conditions.
Lafer, G. (2011). EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CA STORAGE CONDITIONS ON STORABILITY AND FRUIT QUALITY OF ORGANICALLY GROWN 'UTA' PEARS. Acta Hortic. 909, 757-760
Pyrus communis, controlled atmosphere, dynamic controlled atmosphere, fruit firmness, optimal harvest date, storage disorders, storage diseases