CLASSIFICATION AND SYNONYMY OF 'ALBACOR' FIG IN THE GENEBANK AT FINCA LA ORDEN, SPAIN

M. Gil, F. Pérez, E. Giraldo, J. Cortés, M. López-Corrales
Synonyms and homonyms provide frequent challenges in the management of clonal genebanks. The fig (Ficus carica L.) has been cultivated for thousands of years through vegetative propagation. Cultivars cultivated from ancient time have spread throughout the world and may appear with different names. The fig ‘Albacor’, was widely distributed and described in the literature since the middle of the 19th century. The genebank at Finca La Orden contains 22 genotypes with different names although they have the same genetic profile as determined by simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The objective of this work was to examine the morphologic characterization of each of these fig accessions that were studied by molecular analysis. Standard international descriptors with some modifications were applied. The results revealed phenotypic differences among these genotypes for one or more characters, such as flesh colour, vigour, weight, and branching density. From our observations, the 22 genotypes with similar genetic profiles were divided into five different morphological groups. These results showed that the morphologic and molecular characterizations are complementary, and both are necessary for a correct identification of fig cultivars. Molecular markers may not detect all of the morphological differences in cultivated fig genetic resources.
Gil, M., Pérez, F., Giraldo, E., Cortés, J. and López-Corrales, M. (2011). CLASSIFICATION AND SYNONYMY OF 'ALBACOR' FIG IN THE GENEBANK AT FINCA LA ORDEN, SPAIN. Acta Hortic. 918, 961-963
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.126
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.126
Ficus carica, synonymy, characterization, genetic resources
English

Acta Horticulturae