GENETIC VARIABILITY STUDIES IN BARHAL (ARTOCARPUS LAKOOCHA ROXB.) IN CENTRAL UTTAR PRADESH

D.H. Dwivedi, V. Mishra , N. Singh, S.K. Dwivedi
Barhal (Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb.) is a large, deciduous, underutilized fruit tree native to Sub Himalayan region used by rural folk as medicine for skin ailments, boils, as purgative and its high carotenoid content is beneficial as antioxidant. Fruits/male flowers are used for culinary purpose. Unripe fruits with seeds are used in pickles and vinegar. Ripe fruits are used for making ‘halwa’ and ‘jellies’. Leaves are used as fodder for lactating animals. 23 genotypes having desirable traits were collected from 17 different villages of Kasia Block and physico-chemical analysis of fruits following standard procedures was done. Vegetative and fruit physico-chemical parameters studied showed considerable variation viz., height of tree (4.80-14.80 m), canopy spread (4.93-12.5 m), trunk cross section area (0.01-0.38 m2); leaf length (18.13-27.30 cm), leaf breadth (9.58-16.38 cm), petiole length (1.90-3.43 cm), internodal distance (1.83-3.50 cm), fruit length (3.31-7.51 cm), fruit breadth (4.23-7.32 cm), fruit weight (51.0-210.33 g) and fruit volume (47.33-204.33 ml), specific gravity (0.99-1.08), pulp weight (26.0-156.33 g) peel weight (6.67-25.0 g), pulp:peel ratio (2.33-9.39), number of flakes/fruit (6.67-29), core length (1.10-2.63 cm), core diameter (0.83-2.30 cm), no. of seeds/fruit (5.0-25.0), seed length (0.80-1.57 cm), weight of seeds/fruit (3.3-19.66 g), seed breadth (0.80-1.47 cm), total soluble solids (13.2-22.36°B) and acidity (0.77-2.67%).
Dwivedi, D.H., Mishra , V., Singh, N. and Dwivedi, S.K. (2011). GENETIC VARIABILITY STUDIES IN BARHAL (ARTOCARPUS LAKOOCHA ROXB.) IN CENTRAL UTTAR PRADESH. Acta Hortic. 918, 419-425
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.53
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.53
lakoocha, variability, underutilized
English

Acta Horticulturae