NEW CHALLENGES FOR PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN OLIVE ORCHARDS AND NURSERIES
Pests and diseases are introduced through incursions from other countries or identified through field surveys or disease detections. Some are known pests or pathogens of olives; others have migrated from other hosts. Changes in growing environments due to climate change or expansion of the industry also alter pest abundance. Nursery certification, border protection and on farm biosecurity can assist in minimising pest spread. Challenges arise with pests and diseases when there is insufficient information on biology and epidemiology, or no effective management. Management strategies of pests and diseases can include the use of resistant cultivars, pesticides, biological control and soil amendments. The challenge is for researchers to find new products and processes for pest and disease control that can be incorporated into current grower management strategies. New technology such as nanotechnology, biological sensors, miniature detection devices and robotics could play a significant role in future pathogen detection and disease management. These technologies need to be incorporated into current practices and be readily available for all growers to utilise. The challenge for conventional, integrated or organic olive growers is to be environmentally sustainable in all pest and disease management practices.
Hall, B.H. (2011). NEW CHALLENGES FOR PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN OLIVE ORCHARDS AND NURSERIES. Acta Hortic. 924, 127-135
certification, resistance, pesticide, nanotechnology, biosensors, biological control