PERFORMANCE OF SOME ITALIAN STRAWBERRY GENOTYPES GROWN UNDER CONDITIONS OF R. MACEDONIA

M. Kiprijanovski , T. Arsov, V. Gjamovski
In many world selection centers, there is a continuous creation of new cultivars characterized by high productivity, fruit quality and resistance to unsuitable condi¬tions. The genetic potential in the strawberries is higher if the ecological conditions suit the necessities of the adequate assortment. Because of this it is necessary to do detailed research into the ecological conditions of the region, before any mass production of a certain cultivar.
With the purpose of introducing new cultivars in production, three promising strawberry cultivars bred by New Fruits, Cesena have been tested: ‘Alba’, ‘Maya’ and ‘Roxana’. The trial plantings were established on 23 September 2006 in the region of Kocani, the eastern part and also in Tetovo, the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, using imported green plants rooted in pots.
Research was conducted in the period of 2006-2009. During the investigation height of the plants, number of leaves per plant, period of blooming and ripening, number of flowers and fruits per plant, cropping pattern, yield, average fruit weight, content of soluble dry matters, total acid, pH and ascorbic acid were observed.
The ‘Maya’ cultivar is the most vigorous by means of height and number of leaves, whereas the ‘Alba’ cultivar is the least vigorous. The ‘Alba’ cultivar has the earliest blooming and ripening. This cultivar ripens about 5-7 days earlier than the other cultivars. On average for the three years, the ‘Alba’ cultivar had the lowest number of flowers and fruits per plant, whereas the ‘Maya’ cultivar had the largest number of flowers and ‘Roxana’ had the largest number of marketable fruits. On average for the three years and both regions, the ‘Roxana’ cultivar had the highest yield (614 g/plant), whereas the ‘Maya’ cultivar had the lowest yield (463.9 g/plant).
Kiprijanovski , M., Arsov, T. and Gjamovski , V. (2012). PERFORMANCE OF SOME ITALIAN STRAWBERRY GENOTYPES GROWN UNDER CONDITIONS OF R. MACEDONIA. Acta Hortic. 926, 177-184
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.926.25
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.926.25
Fragaria × ananassa Duch., cultivar, evaluation, growth, productivity
English

Acta Horticulturae