NEW METHODS FOR ADVANCING OR DELAYING ANTHESIS IN SHORT-DAY STRAWBERRY
Higher percentages of transplants of short-day cultivar Strawberry Festival from runner tips plugged in early July rather than the standard time (early August) bloomed in the fall. Nearly 100% of the transplants produced in early July flowered in the fall, but less than 30% of the August-plugged transplants flowered in the fall. Under protected cultivation, July-plugged plants produced fruit in October, November and December. Illuminating the crowns of July-plugged transplants with red light in August delayed bloom by several months. In another study, growing transplants under red photoselective nets in August delayed flowering until January. The results of these studies suggested that floral bud initiation can be induced even under long photoperiod if the light illuminating the strawberry crown lacks red and shorter wavelength light whereas excessive red light transmittance either with red LED lights or growing transplants under red photoselective shade net in August delayed flower bud initiation. The colored nets did not affect runnering during fall months. The nursery industry can use the non-flowering transplants as stock plants because periodic flower removal is not needed for preventing infection by Colletotrichum species. Changing the time of plugging and altering the light quality for plug plant production will create an opportunity for double-cropping, e.g., fruit production from SD cultivars in fall and early winter and again in the spring in the mid-Atlantic coast region.
Takeda, F. (2012). NEW METHODS FOR ADVANCING OR DELAYING ANTHESIS IN SHORT-DAY STRAWBERRY. Acta Hortic. 926, 237-241
Fragaria, flowering, plug, colored net, photo-selective, LED, red light, stolon, shade, double-cropping