ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION OF IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON TROPICAL FRUIT INDUSTRY IN CHINA
Global climate change has tended to increase its impact on the tropical fruit industry in South China. Big fluctuation in temperature, rainfall, more frequent occurrence of drought and sever typhoons are characteristic symptoms of apparent impacts in the area from the global climate change. A noticeable change is the warmer or cooler winter and spring. Warmer climate in summer and autumn is accompanied by colder winter in some years. Extreme climates have led to total crop failure in banana production and warmer nights have deteriorated the fruit quality and particular fruit flavor. Typhoons have lashed seriously and uprooted many fruit crops, e.g., banana, litchi, longan and mango while chilling injury by frosts destroyed various crops. More frequent draught occurrence also decreased crop yield and in some cases even caused total crop failure. Adaptation to and mitigation of the negative impacts from climate change including political policies, social awareness and technical measures are required to ensure the sustainable develop¬ment of tropical fruit industry in China. Early technical preparations embraces breeding desirable new varieties of better stresses resistance and high quality produce under field or protected growing conditions.
Qiubo Chen, (2012). ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION OF IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON TROPICAL FRUIT INDUSTRY IN CHINA. Acta Hortic. 928, 101-104
climate change, adaptation and mitigation, tropical fruit, China